ABOUT ISLAND OF BRAČ
Brač is the widest Dalmatian island and the third largest island in the Adriatic. It is situated between Split and Hvar, and Poljica and the Makarska Riviera, in the cliffs reflection of Mosor and Biokovo mountains. Brac is 394 km2 big with a coastline of 175 km. There are 22 villages on the island (town Supetar and 21 settlements) with the population of more than 14,000 residents. “The Adriatic roof ” – Vidova gora (778 m) is the highest peak of all Adriatic islands.
The climate with mild and rainy winters and hot, dry summers provides the island of Brač more than 2.700 sunny hours, with the warmest sea temperature of 23 C (August) and average summer air temperature of 23,8 C, 8,6 C in winter, and an average annual temperature of 15 C. There are no rivers or streams on the island, only a few small springs of fresh water and three hundred of coastal and submarine springs with mostly salty water.
Insular reef is asymmetrically curved. It gradually and gently desends to the north and suddenly and steeply to the south. The island is rich with grass, bushes, underbrush and woods. The coast is rich with pines, and on a 400 m high plateau you can find pine, common oak, hornbeam and ash-tree. The forest occupies approximately 26% of the island’s area. The island abounds in wildlife, too.
SIGHTS AND PLACES MUST TO SEE
BOL today is the most attractive tourist destination on the island Brač, and in Dalmatia. Zlatni rat (Golden horn) is the most beautiful beach on the Adriatic sea and it attracts more and more tourists each year. There are many reasons that explain that; Bol is situated on the south side of the island as the only settlement there and as one of the oldest. Illyricum tribes lived here, then Romans. Croats came to these parts much later. The church of St. John and Tudor was build in 6 the century A.D., while the bishops palace was built 1184. In the year 1475. Dominican monastery and church were built. The monastery has many valuable sacral objects, and the most interesting is the painting of “Madonna with a child and saints” by Tintoretto. In the harbour of Bol you can see many nice stone buildings and the City loggia, but all the roads lead you to Zlatni Rat. For almost half a kilometre, Zlatni rat extends in to the sea, making a unique natural phenomenon with its horn that changes direction depending on the winds blowing at that time of the year. Because of the wind and the waves, Zlatni rat is well known among surfers, that have ideal conditions here.
VIDOVA GORA – There are lot of things that you must visit when you come to Brac. And it is definitely Vidova Gora, the highest mountain of all Adriatic islands (778 m above the sea level). It is named after the small church of St. Vid, which stand at the top of the hill, now in ruins, located some eighty feet west of the terrace catering establishment “Vidova Gora”. The church was built in the 13th or 14 St. Brac regiment has always connected the mountain, around which are knitted a number of fantastic stories, mostly of Slavonic origin. Long before the arrival of the Slavs to the Adriatic, at Vidova Gora the Illyrian people have had forts. The remains of these walls may still be seen at some places. At the top of Vidova Gora, today there is an transmitter and is home to a pub and stone tables and benches, offering a unique view to the south. Deep beneath there are visible wine-growing and green valleys with a characteristic Bol’s Golden Cape (Zlatni Rat) gravel beach. Visitors to Vidova Gora can enjoy in one of the most spectacular views on Adriatic. Right in front, in direction south lay Hvar island and Vis island. On the east Peljesac, Korcula, Lastovo and even Mljet (close to Dubrovnik) are visible. When the time is particularly clear you can sometimes see the tops of mountains Apenini (Italy). During winter Vidova gora is often under a thin snow layer, and if roads are passable and if there is not a strong wind, it becomes a winter resort of islanders and visitors.
MONASTERY BLACA as part of a protected area, consists of church from the XVII century, apartment buildings and outbuildings, observatories and libraries. This eremite quarters was established in the sixteenth century. The church is located near the caves, a complex of buildings were reconstructed and modified. The Blaca monastery was built in front of the cave “Ljubitovica” below high cliffs. Blaca carries a great heritage value. The monastery surprises its visitors in this desert wilderness and harmony delights of its original architecture.
Blaca is therefore indeed a gem of architecture which create a colorful harmony of spirit as a frozen fantasy in this extraordinary area of peace. The interiors reveals furniture that will attract your attention. Along with old furniture there is a kitchen, dining room, and period furniture in bedrooms. Also, a very valuable astronomical equipment can be seen, a rich collection of ancient weapons, a multitude of different antique clocks and an exceptionally rich library with many manuscripts written in old Croatian Cyrillic alphabet.
ŠKRIP – Škrip is the oldest settlement at the island, much older than any written document about its origin. The Illyrians settled here in the 11th century and it is from those days that Škrip had become an Illyrian settlement at the location of the cemetery of today.
From this cemetery you can see a wide valley stretching from Postira and Splitska to the inlands. In the historical part of the village there is Kula Radojkovic in which the museum of the island. The museum consists of subjects (monuments, photopgraphs, pictures, books, archeological findings) of many periods worth seeing. Many tourists and visitors of the island necessarily come to see this ancient settlement.